In academic publishing, the goal of peer review is to access the quality of articles submitted for publication in a scholarly journal by experts in a specific field of research. Before an article is deemed appropriate for publication in a peer-reviewed journal, it must undergo an evaluation process.
Step 1: Submission
Step 2: Evaluation
Step 3: Recommendations
Holland,K., Duncombe, D., Dyas, E. & Meester, W. (Last updated 2014). Scopus Journal FAQs: Helping to improve the submission & success process for editors & publishers. Retrieved from https://www.elsevier.com/__data/assets/pdf_file/0006/95118/SC_FAQ-content-selection-process-22092014.pdf
The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) is a charity organization established to provide editors and publishers of scholarly journals advice and guidance on best practice for dealing with ethical issues in journal publishing.
See COPE's Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers for guidance about:
Peer Review Models Being a Peer Reviewer
Steps of the Peer Review Process Preparing Your Peer Review Feedback
Receiving Training & Mentoring