Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

BMD 202: Survey of Biomedical Sciences Literature

What is Peer Review?

In academic publishing, the goal of peer review is to access the quality of articles submitted for publication in a scholarly journal by experts in a specific field of research.  Before an article is deemed appropriate for publication in a peer-reviewed journal, it must undergo an evaluation process.

peer-review process

Step 1: Submission

  • The author of the article submit it to the journal editor who forwards the article to experts in the field, after it has been processed through the relevant journal submission system.
  • Because the reviewers specialize in the same scholarly area as the author, they are considered the author's peers, hence "peer-review."

Step 2:  Evaluation

  • The impartial reviewers charged with carefully evaluating the quality of the submitted manuscript, often using their own evaluation criteria to assist the review process.
  • Peer-reviewers check the validity of the research methodology and procedures.  In addition, they look for any unethical practice in the research or plagiarism. 

Step 3:  Recommendations

  • Journal editors rely on reviewers to offer guidance on whether to accept or reject an article. 
  • Reviewers recommend one of 3 options.  One, accept the manuscript as is, this is very rare. Two, if appropriate, reviewers will recommend the author makes revisions and then re-submits the article.  Three, reviewers may recommend the editor rejects the article.   


Holland,K., Duncombe, D., Dyas, E. & Meester, W. (Last updated 2014). Scopus Journal FAQs: Helping to improve the submission & success process for editors & publishers. Retrieved from

How Do I Peer Review?

organization logo

The Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE)  is a charity organization established to provide editors and publishers of scholarly journals advice and guidance on best practice for dealing with ethical issues in journal publishing. 

See COPE's Ethical Guidelines for Peer Reviewers for guidance about:

Peer Review Models                                                                                        Being a Peer Reviewer

Steps of the Peer Review Process                                                                    Preparing Your Peer Review Feedback

Receiving Training & Mentoring

© UAB Libraries ι University of Alabama at Birmingham ι About Us ιContact Us ι Disclaimer