Skip to main content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.
Understanding the Cycle
It is important to understand where in the cycle you are getting the information and the characteristics of each type of resource.
Primary sources present original research by those who carried it out.
Secondary sources summarize and synthesize information from primary sources.
Tertiary sources condense information from primary and secondary sources.
These classifications are based on the originality of the material and the proximity to the original material (first or second hand account of the information).
Cycle of Scientific Literature
Source: Kipnis, D. (2019, June 17). Cycle of scientific literature. Retrieved from https://libguides.rowan.edu/c.php?g=237523&p=2220083
For help, contact
, Biomedical Engineering
, Citing Sources
, Civil, Construction, and Environmental Engineering
, Computer Science
, Electrical and Computer Engineering
, Environmental Sciences
, Honors College
, Materials Science and Engineering
, Mechanical Engineering