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Harvard Citation Style: Patents and Standards

In This Guide...

Click on the links below for further information on referencing each material type



Reference Formats


  • No Authors
  • 1, 2 or More Authors
  • No Editors
  • 1, 2 or More Editors
  • Chapters in Books

Company Information

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Conference Proceedings

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  • Websites
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  • Web Images
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Journal Articles

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Lecture Notes

Multimedia Formats

  • Audio-Visual Material

Newspaper Articles

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Patents & Standards

  • Citing Patents: Examples
  • Citing Patents: Standards


  • Citing Theses: Examples

All Examples

  • A table of examples in all formats for quick reference

Citing Patents and Standards

  • For patents the title may be more of a descriptive title rather than a formal title
  • Identifying elements such as patent/standard numbers should be included
  • If no individual author is available, a corporate author can be used in the in-text reference

Citing Patents: Examples

Material Type

In-Text Example

Reference List Example

Patent (Cookson 1985) Cookson, AH 1985, Particle trap for compressed gas insulated transmission systems, US Patent 4554399.
Patent: Retrieved From a Database (Mccallum 2008) Mccallum, JM (2008). Method for and composition of excipient suitable for use in herbal formulations and formulations derived therefrom, Australian Patent AU 2008100919. Available from: SciFinder Scholar. [8 December 2008].

Citing Standards: Examples

Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List Entry

Standard: Retrieved From a Database (Standards Australia 2008) Standards Australia 2008, Personal floatation devices - General requirements. AS 4758.1-2008. Available from: Standards Australia Online. [1 December 2008].
Standard: Published (Standards Australia/New Zealand Standard 1994) Standards Australia 1994, Information processing - text and office systems - office document architecture (ODA) and interchange format: part 10: formal specifications, AS/NZS 3951.10:1994, Standards Australia, NSW.
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