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Costume Research: Citing

How to find images of historical dress online and use them in research

Citing images found at a museum website

APA 7th

Artist, A. (Year of release). Title of artwork [medium]. Name of museum, City, State, Country. URL of museum

Hopper, E. (1942). Nighthawks [Painting]. Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, IL, United States.


Goya, Francisco. The Family of Charles IV. 1800. Museo del Prado,


Friedrich, Caspar David. Der Mönch am Meer. 1808-10. Oil on canvas, 110 cm × 171.5 cm (43 in × 67.5 in). Alte Nationalgalerie, Berlin, Germany.

Using Media & Complying with Copyright Law

Use the Creative Commons Search to find media that you can modify, adapt, build upon, or use for commercial purposes.


Use work that is in the public domain (copyright has expired).


Apply "fair use" guidelines to determine if your use of a copyrighted work is reasonable. U.S. copyright law allows some reasonable uses of a copyrighted work without getting permission from the copyright holder.

Four fair use factors:

  1. the purpose and character of the use, including whether such use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes;
  2. the nature of the copyrighted work;
  3. the amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole; and
  4. the effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

Use Sterne Library's Fair Use Checklist to help with considering each factor.

See Copyright Information and Resources for additional information about copyright.

Citing Media

Whether or not a work is under copyright, you should cite any media that you use.

See the handbook for your assigned citation style for information on how to cite images, video, and audio.

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