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Hispanics/LatinX in Alabama: Information ABOUT Hispanics/LatinX in Alabama

Information about and for Hispanics and Latinos/as in Alabama


Alabama 2010: Summary Population and Housing Characteristics. U.S. Census Bureau, 2012.

For Hispanic/Latino statistics, see tables 3, 4, and 18.

Alabama State Fact Sheet. UnidosUS, 2016.

UnidosUS (formerly The National Council of La Raza) is a nonpartisan Hispanic civil rights and advocacy organization in the United States.

Condition of Education, 2017. National Center for Education Statistics, 2017.

This report looks at all states and rural vs. urban areas.

County Health Rankings in Alabama. County Health Rankings & Roadmaps, 2018.

This page summarizes the report. You can download the full report; information on Hispanics/Latinx is on pages 3, 4, 5, and 13.

Demographic Profile of Hispanics in Alabama, 2014. Pew Hispanic Center.

You can break the Alabama statistics down by county.

Hispanic Health Profile: Alabama. Alabama Department of Public Health, 2003.

While older, this report looks at all aspects of health in Alabama Hispanics, including diseases and infant morality.

Hispanic Population 2010.  U.S. Census Bureau, 2011.

Table 2 compares Alabama's 2000 and 2010 populations. This brief also has a number of tables showing percent changes in Alabama's counties and Latinos as a percent of the total population. The next census will be in 2020.

Hispanic Population in Alabama.  U.S. Census Bureau, 2011.

2017 population estimates.

Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates by State and Race/Ethnicity 2002-2032. Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2016

Alabama projections are on page 56, and other Alabama statistics are on pages 22, 23, 28, and 135.  Also review the brief Knocking Update: New Data about Private High School Graduates.

Latino Growth in Metropolitan America: Changing Patterns, New Locations. Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, 2002.

Alabama metropolitan areas are mentioned in the statistical appendices: Appendix A includes Birmingham under "New Latino Destinations," with statistics for 1980, 1990, 2000; Appendix B contains 1990-2000 statistics for Latino population growth for Birmingham are under “New Latino Destinations.” You can also see Birmingham information on page 8 of their study The New Metro Minority Map: Regional Shifts in Hispanics, Asians, and Blacks from Census 2010 (

Pew Research Center: Hispanic Trends

This site has many statistics on Hispanics in the United States including language use, politics, and racial identity. Search for “Alabama” in the box on the home page.

U.S. Census Bureau:  Hispanic Origin

From the U.S. Census Bureau, this gateway site links to reports, tables, census data, and related topics.


Destino Birmingham. UAB Digital Media, 2001.

La Casita. UAB Digital Media, 2007.

Sweet Home Alabama. Vice, 2011.

Una iglesia = One Church. UAB Digital Media, 2007.

Source: Alabama Hispanic Population Growth 2nd Highest in the U.S.:


Alabama al día: A Report on Hispanic Cultures in Alabama. Montgomery: Alabama State Council on the Arts, 2007.
F 335 .S75 A55 2007

Globalization and the American South. Athens: U of Georgia P, 2005.
HC 107 .A13 G54 2005

Irresistible Forces: Latin American Migration to the United States and its Effects on the South. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 2009.
F 220.S75 W44 2009

Latinos and the U.S. South. Westport: Praeger, 2008.
F 220 .S75 M36 2008

Latinos in the New South: Transformations of Place. Aldershot, Eng.: Ashgate, 2006.
F 220 .S75 L37 2006

Latino Workers in the Contemporary South. Athens: U of Georgia P, 2001.
GN 2 .S9243 no. 34

New Destination Dreaming: Immigration, Race, and Legal Status in the Rural American South. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2011.
F 220 .S7 M37 2011

Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States. New York: Oxford UP, 2005.
Ref E 184 .S75 O97 2005


Recommended Articles

AG Census Reveals Alabama Trends.” Southeast Farm Press March 2004. 17.

Brooks, Jennifer E. "'No Juan Crow!'."  Southern Cultures 18.3 (2002): 49-56.

Bullock, Charles S. and M.V. Hood. “A Mile-Wide Gap: The Evolution of Hispanic Political Emergence in the Deep South.” Social Science Quarterly 87 (2006): 1117-35.

Campbell, Kristina. "The 'New Selma' and the Old Selma: Arizona, Alabama, and the Immigration Civil Rights Movement in the Twenty-First Century." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2006): 76-81.

Jacobson, Louis. "The Hispanic Dynamic." State Legislatures 41.6 (2015): 16-20.

Johnson, Kevin R. "A Political Explanation of the Popularity of Unconstitutional State Immigration Enforcement Laws." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2016): 68-75.

Lewis, Anne C. “Growing Hispanic Enrollments: Challenge and Opportunity.” Phi Delta Kappan. 80.1 (1998): 3-4.

McDaniel, Paul N. and Anita Drever.  "Ethnic Enclave or International Corridor? Immigrant Business in a New South City." Southeastern Geographer 49.1 (2009): 3-23.

Mohl, Raymond A. “Latinization in the Heart of Dixie: Hispanics in Late-Twentieth-Century Alabama.” Alabama Review 55 (2002): 243-74.

―. “The Nuevo New South: Hispanic Migration to Alabama.” Migration World 30.3 (2002): 14-18.

―. “The Politics of Expulsion: A Short History of  Alabama's Anti-Immigrant Law, HB 56." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2016): 42-67.

Parker, Suzi. “Hispanics Reshape Culture of the South.” Christian Science Monitor June 1999: 136.

Robertson, Campbell.  "After Ruling, Hispanics Flee an Alabama Town." New York Times 4 Oct. 2011: A1.

Vargas, Edward D., Gabriel R. Sanchez, and Melina D. Juárez. "The Impact of Punitive Immigrant Laws on the Health of Latina/o Populations." Politics & Policy 45.3 (2017): 312-337

Yeoman, Barry. “Hispanic Diaspora.” Mother Jones Jul.-Aug. 2000. 34+.
Also available at


Recommended Databases

Articles are found in Databases.  The Birmingham News has published many articles about the influx on Hispanics in Alabama. You can search the archives on their page ( and then view the microfilm in Sterne Library for dates before 2009. After 2009, you must go to the Birmingham Public Library and use the NewsBank database. For information on finding articles in other Alabama newspapers, refer to the guide Alabama Newspapers in UAB Libraries Databases.

Academic Search Premier
Academic OneFile
Ethnic News Watch

Possible search terms are:
      Hispanic Americans AND Alabama
      Hispanic Americans AND Southeast

Source: Alabama Hispanic Population Growth 2nd Highest in the U.S.:

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