Numbers from the most recent census in 2010. For Hispanic/Latinx statistics, see tables 3, 4, and 18.
Alabama State Sheet. UnidosUS, 2016.
UnidosUS (formerly The National Council of La Raza) is a nonpartisan Hispanic civil rights and advocacy organization in the United States.
This page summarizes the report. You can download the full report; information on Hispanics/Latinx is on pages 4, 5, 13, and 14.
You can break the Alabama statistics down by county.
Facts on Latinos in the U.S. Pew Hispanic Center, 2019. www.pewresearch.org/hispanic/fact-sheet/latinos-in-the-u-s-fact-sheet/
The most recent report from Pew. Includes socioeconomic status, language use, and educational attainment. There is an accompanying blog post, Key facts about U.S. Hispanics and their diverse heritage.
Hispanic Health Profile: Alabama. Alabama Department of Public Health, 2003.
While older, this report looks at all aspects of health in Alabama Hispanics including diseases and infant morality.
Hispanic Population in the U.S.: 2016. . U.S. Census Bureau, 2011. www.census.gov/data/tables/2016/demo/hispanic-origin/2016-cps.html
Listing of tables related to Hispanic demographics. Topics include household, employment, and health insurance.
2018 population estimates. Results can be narrowed to a county or zip code.
Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates by State and Race/Ethnicity 2002-2032. Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education, 2016 knocking.wiche.edu/s/Knocking2016FINALFORWEB-revised010218.pdf
Alabama projections are on page 56, and other Alabama statistics are on pages 22, 23, 28, and 135. Also review the brief Knocking Update: New Data about Private High School Graduates.
Latino Growth in Metropolitan America: Changing Patterns, New Locations. Brookings Institution Center on Urban and Metropolitan Policy, 2002. www.brookings.edu/~/media/research/files/reports/2002/7/demographics-suro/surosinger.pdf
Alabama metropolitan areas are mentioned in the statistical appendices: Appendix A includes Birmingham under "New Latino Destinations," with statistics for 1980, 1990, 2000; Appendix B contains 1990-2000 statistics for Latino population growth for Birmingham are under “New Latino Destinations.” You can also see Birmingham information on page 8 of their study The New Metro Minority Map: Regional Shifts in Hispanics, Asians, and Blacks from Census 2010 (www.brookings.edu/~/media/Files/rc/papers/2011/0831_census_race_frey/0831_census_race_frey.pdf)
This site has many statistics on Hispanics in the United States including language use, politics, and racial identity. Search for “Alabama” in the box on the home page.
Poverty Rate by Race/Ethnicity. Kaiser Family Foundation, 2017. www.kff.org/other/state-indicator/poverty-rate-by-raceethnicity
You can narrow the table to just Hispanics and view the data by table, map, or trend graph. Data is from 2008-2017.
Status and Trends in the Education of Racial and Ethnic Groups 2018. National Center for Education Statistics, 2018. nces.ed.gov/pubs2019/2019038.pdf
Presents a selection of indicators that examine differences in educational participation and attainment of students in the racial/ethnic groups of White, Black, Hispanic, Asian, Native Hawaiian or Other Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Two or more races. Summarizes data on topics such as demographics; pre-primary, elementary, and secondary participation; student achievement; student behaviors and persistence in education, post secondary education, and outcomes of education..
Reports on social issues related to Hispanics/Latinx. To locate reports that include Alabama, use the search box on the left. Reports are in both English and Spanish.
Alabama al día: A Report on Hispanic Cultures in Alabama. Montgomery: Alabama State Council on the Arts, 2007.
F 335 .S75 A55 2007
Globalization and the American South. Athens: U of Georgia P, 2005.
HC 107 .A13 G54 2005
Irresistible Forces: Latin American Migration to the United States and its Effects on the South. Albuquerque: U of New Mexico P, 2009.
F 220.S75 W44 2009
Latinos and the U.S. South. Westport: Praeger, 2008.
F 220 .S75 M36 2008
Latinos in the New South: Transformations of Place. Aldershot, Eng.: Ashgate, 2006.
F 220 .S75 L37 2006
Latino Workers in the Contemporary South. Athens: U of Georgia P, 2001.
GN 2 .S9243 no. 34
New Destination Dreaming: Immigration, Race, and Legal Status in the Rural American South. Stanford: Stanford UP, 2011.
F 220 .S7 M37 2011
Oxford Encyclopedia of Latinos and Latinas in the United States. New York: Oxford UP, 2005.
Ref E 184 .S75 O97 2005
Recommended Articles (in date order)
Henderson, Tim. "Why Hispanics Are Leaving Some Southern Counties." Pew, 2 Aug. 2017.
Vargas, Edward D., Gabriel R. Sanchez, and Melina D. Juárez. "The Impact of Punitive Immigrant Laws on the Health of Latina/o Populations." Politics & Policy 45.3 (2017): 312-337
Johnson, Kevin R. "A Political Explanation of the Popularity of Unconstitutional State Immigration Enforcement Laws." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2016): 68-75.
Magaña,Lisa. "Comparing and Contrasting the Rationales for SB 1070 and HB 56: A Short Analysis." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2016): 82-86.
Mohl, Raymond A. “The Politics of Expulsion: A Short History of Alabama's Anti-Immigrant Law, HB 56." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2016): 42-67.
Odem, Mary E. "Immigration Politics in the New Latino South." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2016): 87-91.
Jacobson, Louis. "The Hispanic Dynamic." State Legislatures 41.6 (2015): 16-20.
White, Kari, et al. Impact of Alabama's Immigration Law on Access to Health Care Among Latina Immigrants and Children: Implications for National Reform. American Journal of Public Health 104.3 (2014): 397-405.
Cuicahua, Victor. "Being a Latino Student in the Heart of Dixie." UWire 10 Oct. 2013.
Robertson, Campbell. "After Ruling, Hispanics Flee an Alabama Town." New York Times 4 Oct. 2011: A1.
McDaniel, Paul N. and Anita Drever. "Ethnic Enclave or International Corridor? Immigrant Business in a New South City." Southeastern Geographer 49.1 (2009): 3-23.
Bullock, Charles S. and M.V. Hood. “A Mile-Wide Gap: The Evolution of Hispanic Political Emergence in the Deep South.” Social Science Quarterly 87 (2006): 1117-35.
Campbell, Kristina. "The 'New Selma' and the Old Selma: Arizona, Alabama, and the Immigration Civil Rights Movement in the Twenty-First Century." Journal of American Ethnic History 35.3 (2006): 76-81.
“AG Census Reveals Alabama Trends.” Southeast Farm Press March 2004. 17.
Brooks, Jennifer E. "'No Juan Crow!'." Southern Cultures 18.3 (2002): 49-56.
Mohl, Raymond A. “Latinization in the Heart of Dixie: Hispanics in Late-Twentieth-Century Alabama.” Alabama Review 55 (2002): 243-74.
―. “The Nuevo New South: Hispanic Migration to Alabama.” Migration World 30.3 (2002): 14-18.
Yeoman, Barry. “Hispanic Diaspora.” Mother Jones Jul.-Aug. 2000. 34+. Also available at www.motherjones.com/news/feature/2000/07/diaspora.html.
Parker, Suzi. “Hispanics Reshape Culture of the South.” Christian Science Monitor June 1999: 136.
Lewis, Anne C. “Growing Hispanic Enrollments: Challenge and Opportunity.” Phi Delta Kappan. 80.1 (1998): 3-4.
Articles are found in Databases. The Birmingham News has published many articles about the influx on Hispanics in Alabama. You can search the archives and then view the microfilm in Sterne Library for dates before 2009. After 2009, you must go to the Birmingham Public Library and use the NewsBank database. For information on finding articles in other Alabama newspapers, refer to the guide Alabama Newspapers in UAB Libraries Databases.
*Make sure that you sort articles by relevance rather than date.
Possible search terms:
(hispanic* OR latin*) AND Alabama
Hispanic Americans AND Alabama
Hispanic Americans AND Southeast
This is the full text to the controversial immigration law passed in 2011.
“Hispanics and Latinos.” Encyclopedia of Alabama. 29 Aug. 2012.
The New Latino South: The Context and Consequences of Rapid Population Growth. Pew Hispanic Center. 26 July 2005.