According to the Pew Research Center, the Hispanic/Latino population in portions of Alabama has grown more than 300% between 2000 and 2011 (www.pewhispanic.org/2013/08/29/u-s-hispanic-population-by-county-1980-2011). Hispanics / Latinos in Alabama will help you locate information about this demographic group while highlighting some Hispanic assistance resources.
The U.S. Census defines Hispanic or Latino origin as “the heritage, nationality, lineage, or country of birth of the person or the person’s parents or ancestors before arriving in the United States. People who identify as Hispanic, Latino, or Spanish may be any race" (www.census.gov/topics/population/hispanic-origin.html). The U.S. Office of Management and Budget (OMB) "defines 'Hispanic or Latino' as a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race" (www.census.gov/topics/population/hispanic-origin/about.html).
Pew Research Center notes "The use of the terms 'Hispanic' and 'Latino' to describe Americans of Spanish origin or descent is unique to the U.S. and their meaning continue to change and evolve" (www.pewhispanic.org/2012/04/04/when-labels-dont-fit-hispanics-and-their-views-of-identity/#official-adoption-of-the-terms-hispanic-and-latino). I will use the terms "Hispanic" and "Latino" interchangeably in this guide.
For more information on using the terms "Hispanic" and "Latino," see "When Labels Don't Fit: Hispanics and Their Views of Identity" from the Pew Research Center (www.pewhispanic.org/2012/04/04/when-labels-dont-fit-hispanics-and-their-views-of-identity).
Hispanics as a share of the US population since 1960