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Health Services Administration: Citing & Writing

Research resources and search tips for UAB Department of Health Services Administration

UAB Writing Resources

Format Manual for UAB Theses and Dissertations  (Note:  LHL has 8 computers with Adobe Acrobat Pro 10 which allows you to combine PDFs.)

UAB Graduate School Professional Development Program

UAB Writing Style Standards

E-books & Books About Writing

Click here to see books about authoring, writing and publishing.

Ethics for Authors

The UAB Ethics for Authors website explores ethical issues for students, researchers and faculty writing for publication. The site includes FAQs on citing and writing for research, e-tools and activities, and several handouts. 


Academic Integrity

UAB's Academic Honor Code states:

The University of Alabama at Birmingham expects all members of its academic community to function according to the highest ethical and professional standards. Students, faculty, and the administration of the institution must be involved to ensure this quality of academic conduct.

Academic misconduct undermines the purpose of education. Such behavior is a serious violation of the trust that must exist among faculty and students for a university to nurture intellectual growth and development. Academic misconduct can generally be defined as all acts of dishonesty in an academic or related matter.

Academic dishonesty includes, but is not limited to, the following categories of behavior:


See our Academic Integrity guide for more information.

What is a Citation?

A citation is a short description of a resource that is used in a paper or project.  Whenever you refer to or quote someone else's work, you must cite that source in your paper.  All the sources you use will be compiled into a list at the end.  This is called a Bibliography, Reference List, or Works Cited.

Parts of a Citation

A citation or reference includes all the information needed for someone to identify and find the source. There are 4 main parts to every citation:  Author, Date, Title, & Location.  Depending on the citation style, a citation may include any of the following: title, author, date, page numbers, publisher, place of publication, etc.


Citation Styles

A citation style is the format used when citing a resource. Styles vary according to discipline. The same elements are there, but the formatting is different.

Choose a style below for rules and examples of how to use it.

How to Determine if it is an Article or a Book

The parts of a citation will help you determine if it is a book, an article, or a webpage, etc.


Important Journals

This page has a list of key journals recommended by HSA faculty.

Author Instructions for Manuscript Preparation

Instructions to authors for manuscript preparation are frequently found on the journal's or publisher's web site. Here are some useful links:

ICMJE: Uniform Requirements for Manuscripts Submitted to Biochemical Journals


Instructions to Authors in the Health Sciences (University of Toledo Mulford Health Science Library)


Journal Citation Reports: Impact Factors

is a comprehensive resource that allows you to evaluate and compare journals using citation data drawn from over 11,000 scholarly and technical journals from more than 3,300 publishers in over 80 countries. Journal Citation Reports can show you the:

  • Most frequently cited journals in a field
  • Highest impact journals in a field
  • Largest journals in a field

Citation and article counts are important indicators of how frequently current researchers are using individual journals. By tabulating and aggregating citation and article counts, JCR offers a unique perspective for journal evaluation and comparison.

More about JCR from Thomson Reuters

Free training provided by Thomson Reuters

LHL Guide on Review Articles

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